The French and Indian War resulted from tensions on the American frontier between Britain and the 13 colonies, and France and the colonists in its American territory of New France. New France encompassed Louisiana, the area between the Mississippi Valley to the Great Lakes region and Canada.
The conflict arose as the French, British and their colonists tried to exert influence and gain territory in the frontier regions. In North America, war broke out between Britain and its Anglo-American colonists, France and its French colonists and the Iroquois Confederacy, a large Indian nation that held sway over parts of New York and Pennsylvania. Various other Indian nations and tribes fought for one side or the other. The war had consequences in other parts of the world, such as the Caribbean and the Philippines.