The cause of the Compromise of 1850 was the issue of slavery. The results include admission of California as a free state, the end of slavery in Washington, D.C, creation of New Mexico and Utah territories and the ability of southerners to reclaim their slaves.
The Compromise consisted of five laws that involved the issue of slavery. The senator of Kentucky, Henry Clay, introduced several resolutions to prevent the occurrence of a crisis between the South and the North. The Compromise of 1850 resulted in the amendment of the Fugitive Slave Act. Settling a boundary dispute between New Mexico and Texas resulted in the establishment of a territorial government in New Mexico.