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Leif Eriksson was a Norwegian explorer who lived sometime approximately from 1000 to 1100 A.D. He was the son of Erik the Red, founder of the first European settlement in Greenland. Eirksson explored a region he called Vinland, which is believed to be part of modern-day Newfoundland or Nova Scotia, both in Atlantic Canada. He claimed the land grew wild grapes and remarked on the fertility of the soil.
He also described exploring areas called Helluland and Markland, which are possibly in modern-day Labrador or Newfoundland. He is thought by many to be the first European explorer to reach North America, but Eriksson was possibly told about it by a trader named Bjarni Herjulfsson. One Viking camp at L’Anse aux Meadows, Newfoundland, was excavated in the early 1960s. Historians are not sure if this is the same area described in Eriksson's saga.Learn more about Middle Ages