The Cahuilla Band of Indians are based in Anza, California. The band encompasses the Agua, Caliente, Augustine, Cabazon, Cahuilla, Los Coyotes, Morongo, Ramona, Santa Rosa and Torres Martinez peoples, all of which live in Southern California.
The Cahuilla people trace their history back about 2,500 years in the San Bernardino basin, San Jacinto Mountains, Coachella Valley and parts of the southern Mojave Desert, where they lived as peaceful hunters and gatherers. They lived in clans consisting of 600 to 800 people, with each clan controlling a separate geographic area. In the 1870s, the federal government began establishing reservations for the Cahuillas, the first being the Morongo Indian Reservation in 1877, located near Joshua Tree National Park.
The Cahuilla Tribal Government is federally recognized, which allows it to receive various services and funding. The Tribal Council is composed of five elected members who oversee daily operations. The band also appoints various tribal committees to assist with certain specific tribal government functions.
The band operates the Cahuilla Casino, which it established in 1996. The casino features more than 350 slot machines and hosts gaming tournaments throughout the year. In 2013, California State government agreed to allow the Ramona Band of the Cahuilla to build and operate a casino.