Who built Chichen Itza?


Quick Answer

Located in the Yucatan Peninsula, Chichen Itza was a large city built by the Mayans around 600 A.D. It thrived until about 1221 when the power in the region shifted, and then it was abandoned completely in the 1400s.

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Full Answer

The most recognized structure in Chichen Itza is the Temple of Kukulkan, also known as El Castillo. It is a pyramid that was built with heavy influence from the astronomy of the time. It has 365 steps: one for each day of the year. Twice a year, a shadow falls on the pyramid in the shape of a serpent, which marks the spring and autumn equinoxes. As the sun sets, the shadow serpent descends the steps to a stone serpent head at the base of the pyramid. The Mayans were also able to predict solar eclipses with the pyramid.

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