The Supreme Court ruling in the Brown vs. Board of Education case ended segregation in public schools and ended the 'separate but equal' policies many schools adopted. Today, children of all races are allowed to attend public school together. Academic achievement of African American children has dramatically increased since the ruling took place.
Many argue that many of today's schools remain segregated, but this is usually more of a case of segregated neighborhoods rather than the schools themselves.
The Brown vs. Board of Education ruling also shined a spotlight on the resources needed for all children, especially those coming from underprivileged neighborhoods. More money is now spent on before and after school care, summer programs and health clinics.