Beginning in 1096 and lasting for three years, the First Crusade involved the march of four armies from Western Europe against Muslims in the Holy Land. According to History.com, the Crusade began after Pope Urban II made a plea to go to war. During the Crusades, the Christian forces set up several Latin Christian states while the Muslims fought in retaliation to regain control of the land.Continue Reading
Violence, bloodshed and a sense of religious fervor were the earmarks of the First Crusade. A common cry among the Christian Crusaders was "God wills it!" Consisting of several groups of Crusaders, the First Crusade was poorly organized, which resulted in the death of many on the front lines, according to LordsAndLadies.org.
The Crusade swept through much of the Byzantine Empire, leaving destruction and death in its wake. In 1096, numerous Jews were slaughtered in several towns of the Rhineland. The armies marched on to overtake Antioch in 1098. The final siege took place at Jerusalem in 1099. While the first push for the city was deflected, the armies finally overtook the city in July. Once they gained access to the city, countless Muslims were killed as were scores of women and children. After the battle, the Muslim population of the city was almost nonexistent.Learn more about Middle Ages
Charles Martel (A.D. 688-741) consolidated Frankish power in his region, halted the advance of Muslim armies into Western Europe, laid the groundwork for a new Frankish dynasty and developed military concepts that would be important for hundreds of years. He is one of the most important figures in the early Middle Ages.Full Answer >
The Albigensian Crusade was a religious war pitting Catholics against the heretical Cathars of southern France. Initiated by Pope Innocent III in 1209, the Albigensian Crusade lasted until 1229.Full Answer >
The Children's Crusade is supposed to have involved between 15,000 and 30,000 French children, who attempted to reach the Christian Holy Land by foot and boat in an effort to reclaim Jerusalem for their faith. Historical evidence for the Crusade is dubious at best, and it is unclear whether it ever really happened.Full Answer >
The Crusades were a series of holy wars fueled by two major causes: the Pope's desire to expand the Holy Roman Empire and the reclamation of the Holy Land. In the 11th century, Christians and Muslims were at odds over the ownership of Jerusalem, a holy site for both Christianity and Islam.Full Answer >