What Are Some Facts About Bernardo De Galvez?

Bernardo De Galvez was a Spanish military man who was an asset to the United States by helping the young revolutionary country ship war supplies from the south to the north along the Mississippi River. He was also responsible for gathering forces from free African-Americans, Indians and other Spaniards to help the Americans when Spain entered the war.

Galvez was born in Macharaviaya, which is a small mountain village in Spain on July 23, 1746. When he chose a military career, he was actually following his family tradition as his father and uncles were all in the military. He also was interested in bettering himself as a leader so he learned the French language and military science throughout his career.

Galvez had his first war campaign with Portugal in the Seven Years' War. He was given the title of governor of Spanish Louisiana when he was only 29. He is also credited with winning the Battle of Pensacola, which was "one of the longest battles of the American Revolution," according to the U.S. National Park Service, and was instrumental in securing an American victory in the war. He died on November 30, 1786 and was buried in Spain next to his father. He would get two cities named after him in Galveston, Texas and Galveston, Louisiana.