Benito Mussolini is famous for being the dictator of Italy from 1922 until his ouster in 1943. He was also the founder of Facism, a political system in which the government controls the private property of its citizens.Continue Reading
Mussolini began his career in politics as a member of the Socialist Party. The Socialists believed in public ownership of the society's productive capability. After serving in the Italian Army during World War I, Mussolini founded the Fascist Party in 1919 with the hope of restoring Italy to its ancient glory.
In 1922, Mussolini began to exploit political and economic turmoil in Italy, and in 1925, he seized dictatorial power of the country. Under Mussolini's leadership, Italy embarked upon numerous public works projects that reduced unemployment and restored order. Italy also invaded Ethiopia and assisted the Fascists in the Spanish Civil war. Impressed with Mussolini's military success, Adolph Hitler formed an alliance with Italy that ultimately led to Mussolini's demise.
In 1942, the Allies, led by the United States and Great Britain, invaded Sicily and began a steady march up the Italian peninsula that prompted the Italian people to force Mussolini from power and arrest him. He was, however, rescued by German commandos and remained free until he was captured on April 27, 1945, by Italian guerrillas, who executed him the following day.Learn more about World War 1
The biggest role Benito Mussolini played in World War II was allying with the Nazi leader Adolf Hitler in 1939. Mussolini believed that by allying with Nazi Germany, the British and French forces could be defeated.Full Answer >
Making the Italian military strong and signing of the Lateran Treaty of 1929 were among Benito Mussolini's major accomplishments. The Lateran Treaty strengthened the relationship between the Vatican and Italy.Full Answer >
When Benito Mussolini took over leadership in Italy in 1922, he began to close down democratic institutions, which lead to Italy being under a Fascist dictatorship. Benito Mussolini also made an alliance with Adolf Hitler during World War II. Although he did establish a dictatorship in his country, Mussolini also helped to foster public works programs and lower unemployment.Full Answer >
Though the exact number of deaths is not known, it is estimated that over a million people were killed or seriously wounded during the Battle of the Somme. Casualties of the World War I battle were French, British and German.Full Answer >