The Aztec Empire was located in what is now called central Mexico and was the last of the great Mesoamerica native civilizations to be overthrown. The Aztec Empire was overthrown in 1521 when Hernan Cortes, the Spanish conquistador, defeated the Aztecs at Tenochtitlan.Continue Reading
The Aztecs were the dominant force in the region and were a nomadic tribe that was able to develop a variety of political, religious and social advancements. The Aztecs were able to create a number of crops including beans, squash, tomatoes, potatoes, maize, also known as corn, and avocados. They had an extensive irrigation system that allowed them to build numerous agricultural fields to feed their people. They were also strong hunters and were able to hunt armadillos, rabbits, coyotes, turkeys and snakes as well as fish.
The Aztecs also had a powerful leader and a powerful military. They built a sophisticated city-state of more than 6 million people. The Aztecs built static structures when it came to the various casts of people with nobles at the top and serfs and slaves at the bottom. The Aztec people were interested in furthering themselves intellectually and artistically, so they created a number of sophisticated inventions including the calendar wheels, which consisted of a 365-day solar calendar and a 260-day festival calendar.Learn more about Ancient America
The Aztec and Mayan civilizations were able to accomplish several feats including the establishment of city-states with great pyramid temples and public plazas with huge stone columns; they also created complex writing and mathematical systems, developed astrological advances, built tools and were able to measure time effectively. They also created many statues, artifacts, ball-playing courts and pottery pieces.Full Answer >
The Inca empire was located along western South America. At the height of its expansion in 1533, it reached from the modern-day countries of Colombia to Chile, encompassing a 2,500-mile region. The population of the empire at the time of European contact, around 1526, was approximately 20 million people.Full Answer >
In the Aztec empire, much of the governmental power was held by city councils, with the empire being ruled by the largest of the city councils in Tenochtitlan. The city councils were comprised of members of the calpulli, which were local, working-class cooperatives.Full Answer >
The Inca empire lasted from 1438 until 1532, when the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizzaro arrived and conquered the empire. The Inca civilization began around the year 1200, but their empire did not begin until Pachacuti set out to bring as many neighboring people under Inca control as possible in 1438.Full Answer >