In 1753, Ben Franklin won the Copley Medal awarded by the Royal Society of London. The same year, he was also awarded honorary doctorate degrees from a number of prestigious universities, including Yale University in New Haven, Conn., and Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass. In 1759, the University of St. Andrews in Scotland awarded him an honorary Doctor of Laws degree.Continue Reading
The Copley Medal was awarded annually for major scientific discoveries and advancements and was roughly equivalent to a Nobel Prize. Franklin won the medal for his experiments with electricity.
Though Franklin did not receive many formal awards for his work, his list of accomplishments was vast. He helped to establish the United States' first lending library, created "Poor Richard's Almanack," charted the Gulf Stream, published America's first political cartoon, drafted the Declaration of Independence, signed the Constitution, and invented the glass harmonica, bifocals and an instrument for taking books down from shelves. He also held many prominent and influential positions in his life, including official printer for Pennsylvania and New Jersey, Grand Master of the Masonic Lodge of Pennsylvania, clerk of the Pennsylvania Assembly, Postmaster of Philadelphia, Postmaster General of North America, and a delegate to the Continental Congress.Learn more about Middle Ages
In medieval times, a franklin was a free landowner who was not a man of noble birth. As a free man, a franklin did not owe rent or military service to the monarchy.Full Answer >
The Great Plague ended as a result of a combination of the Great Fire of London in 1666 and the colder autumn weather of that same year. While the fire helped kill off some of the plague vectors, ultimately it was the colder temperatures which ended the Great Plague.Full Answer >
Prominent English physicist Sir Isaac Newton received several awards and honors such as a knighthood, the top mathematics professor at Cambridge University, admission to the Royal Society, a seat in Parliament and burial in Westminster Abbey. Newton lived from Jan. 4, 1643 until March 31, 1727, and he is considered one of the inventors of calculus.Full Answer >
As of 2015, Clark's College in Ilford, London, established in the 1800s, is closed, but the institution offered programs in secretarial training, certificates in education and liberal arts programs to support the Royal Society of Arts as well as the London Chamber of Commerce. At its Modern School, Clark's College also offered curriculum for students beginning at 11 years of age to focus on spelling, English composition, arithmetic, handwriting and the sciences.Full Answer >