Others names for the Harlem Renaissance are the New Negro Renaissance and the New Negro Movement. The names gained popularity with Alain Locke's 1925 essay and anthology, both titled "The New Negro."
The New Negro Movement pushed for more expressiveness, political involvement, independence and pride among African Americans. With the publication of Alain Locke's anthology, a collection of poetry, fiction and essays from popular African American writers at the time, the idea exploded with popularity and strengthened a cultural movement.
Harlem was the center of the movement, and it became more popularly known as the Harlem Renaissance. It stretched through the 1920s to the mid-1930s and produced some of the most well-known African American literature, music and art.