Annelies Marie "Anne" Frank was a child during World War II who famously hid from the Nazis in a secret annex in the Netherlands; she documented the ordeal in her diary, which was published posthumously as a book titled "The Diary of a Young Girl." This book has been the basis for many plays and films.
Anne Frank was born in Frankfurt, Germany in 1929 to Otto and Edith Frank. Her father was a German army lieutenant during World War I, although the family eventually moved to the Netherlands in 1933. Anne attended Sixth Montessori School and lived a normal, happy childhood until the German invasion of the Netherlands in 1940. Anne would journal her thoughts about the occupation, noting, "After May 1940, the good times were few and far between."
In 1942, Anne's parents gifted her a diary for her 13th birthday. She took this diary with her when her family went into hiding to escape the Nazis who were actively rounding up Jews and sending them to concentration and labor camps. Anne and her family lived in hiding for more than 2 years before being captured. She died of typhoid at the age of 15 during captivity at the Bergen-Belsen camp.