Ancient Roman farming was a prestigious and respected occupation that was primarily concerned with spelt cultivation. According to UNRV History, the Romans cultivated asparagus, cucumbers, lettuce, cabbage, garlic, figs, apricots, plums, mulberries and many other types of produce. The Romans also maintained vineyards, olive groves, meadows and irrigated produce gardens. Farmers also raised certain animals. Horses, however, were primarily reserved for war.Continue Reading
HistoryLink 101 explains that there were four types of farms in ancient Rome. Some farms were owned and operated by a single family, while other family farms were leased from wealthy landowners. When family labor was insufficient, farm owners turned to slave labor or made sharecropping arrangements with experienced farmers.
The earliest Roman farms were small and unsophisticated. Farmers soon learned a great deal from the nearby Greeks, who already practiced crop rotation and fertilized their land with manure. The Romans eventually mastered these skills and enjoyed greater crop yields as a result.
Ancient Roman farmers relied on cows and sheep for milk and fresh cheese. Sheep were also valued for their wool and hides. Bees were another important element of Roman agriculture because their honey was the only plentiful source of dietary sweetener.
Snails were the most unusual animals cultivated by the ancient Romans. Snail meat was a rare and expensive delicacy, and the precursor of modern French escargot.Learn more about Ancient Rome
The magistrates of the Ancient Roman Empire were the consuls, praetors, censors, aediles, tribunes and quaestors. The magistrates comprised the elected officials of the Roman Republic.Full Answer >
The main purpose of the Coliseum was to provide a grand amphitheater where the people of Rome could go for various forms of public entertainment, including gladiatorial combats and fights between wild animals. It was a gift from Emperor Vespasian to the Roman people. The building of the Roman Coliseum took nearly 10 years, and it was opened officially in 80 A.D. by Vespasian's son Titus.Full Answer >
The exact phrase was "veni, vidi, vici," which translates as "I came, I saw, I conquered," and was given in a message from Julius Caesar to the Roman Senate. It was apparently written in 46 B.C. in the city of Zela, which was located in the area now known as Tokat Province, in Turkey.Full Answer >
Augustus Caesar, also known as Gaius Octavius, was the first Roman emperor, and ruled the Roman Empire between 31 B.C. and his death in A.D. 14. Some historians date his reign beginning in 27 B.C., when he dispensed with republican titles and accepted the title "Augustus."Full Answer >