Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.Continue Reading
The Hebrews were a nomadic civilization for much of their history. They spent many years as slaves in Egypt, then wandered in and around the area then known as Canaan before settling down in Jerusalem and its environs.
The ancient Hebrews were also a warlike people group. Once they settled in Canaan, they conducted wars against many of the indigenous civilizations, including the Canaanites and Philistines, in order to be able to stay in that land.
One of the major contributions of the ancient Hebrews to modern civilization was a new understanding of God. The Hebrew scriptures, commonly known as the Old Testament, were written over a span of more than 1,000 years and include history and poetry. In these writings, a monotheistic God appears who is eternal, sovereign and transcendent, in stark contrast to the other typical gods of the Middle East at that time in history. The Hebrew separation of God from nature was a necessary first step in the development of scientific thought.Learn more about Ancient History
Many experts believe that the decline of the ancient Aryan civilization was caused by environmental changes. Another theory suggests that a sharp rise in the Aryan population led to the decline.Full Answer >
India is famous for being one of the most ancient civilization centers of the world. Second, India is renowned worldwide for its many gods and their rich history and influence on life, even in modern times. Third, the scenic beauty of India's landscape attracts millions of tourists to the country annually. It also boasts hundreds of ancient and modern temples and shrines that intrigue visitors to the subcontinent.Full Answer >
The Minoans were the people of ancient Crete who are remembered for their art and for building up a strong civilization in Europe to precede the Greeks. They are considered to be the first European civilization.Full Answer >
The eight basic features of a civilization are large population centers, a central administrative body, complex religion, job specialization, social class structures, forms of art and architecture, organized public works, and a system of writing. All of these features are made possible by efficient agricultural systems that allow a group of people within the fledgling civilization to begin specializing their skills toward one of the basic features of a civilization.Full Answer >