Little is known about the oldest eras of ancient Hebrew civilization because the culture was nomadic. The most distinct and long-lasting elements of ancient Hebrew civilization lay not in its architectural, artistic or diplomatic contributions but in the focus of the people on a monotheistic God who was radically different from the gods worshipped by most ancient peoples.Continue Reading
The Hebrews were a nomadic civilization for much of their history. They spent many years as slaves in Egypt, then wandered in and around the area then known as Canaan before settling down in Jerusalem and its environs.
The ancient Hebrews were also a warlike people group. Once they settled in Canaan, they conducted wars against many of the indigenous civilizations, including the Canaanites and Philistines, in order to be able to stay in that land.
One of the major contributions of the ancient Hebrews to modern civilization was a new understanding of God. The Hebrew scriptures, commonly known as the Old Testament, were written over a span of more than 1,000 years and include history and poetry. In these writings, a monotheistic God appears who is eternal, sovereign and transcendent, in stark contrast to the other typical gods of the Middle East at that time in history. The Hebrew separation of God from nature was a necessary first step in the development of scientific thought.Learn more about Ancient History
The Phoenicians were members of a Semitic civilization centering on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea that existed from the fourth millennium B.C. until the end of the first millennium B.C. They were famous for trading, inventing an alphabet and manufacturing rich cloth.Full Answer >
Scholars traditionally regard Mesopotamia, an ancient area surrounding the Tigris and Euphrates rivers that is now parts of modern day Iraq, Syria, Turkey and Kuwait, as the cradle of civilization. The area is also know as the Fertile Crescent.Full Answer >
India is famous for being one of the most ancient civilization centers of the world. Second, India is renowned worldwide for its many gods and their rich history and influence on life, even in modern times. Third, the scenic beauty of India's landscape attracts millions of tourists to the country annually. It also boasts hundreds of ancient and modern temples and shrines that intrigue visitors to the subcontinent.Full Answer >
Five of the key traits of a civilization are a writing system, public architecture, professions, urban centers and the existence of a class of elites who remain exempt from manual labor. Literacy is an important part of a civilization because it serves as a means of recording its history and its world-view. The collection of taxes or tribute in order to provide for basic infrastructure and protection is another trait of a civilization.Full Answer >