The Amnesty Act of 1872 returned the right to hold office to most of the secessionists who rebelled during the Civil War. The federal government offered the Confederacy amnesty to encourage loyalty and smooth the way for Reconstruction. The Amnesty Act of 1872 was part of a series of acts that granted certain groups of Confederate citizens amnesty and the return of their property and homes.Continue Reading
By 1872, Ulysses S. Grant had assumed the presidency from Andrew Johnson and became responsible for implementing Congress' Reconstruction efforts. During his presidency, he recognized all of the Confederate states as members of the United States with new state governments and federal representation. The Amnesty Act of 1872 excluded only 500 Confederate sympathizers in total.
With their political powers restored, Southern states began electing Democratic candidates to office, intimidating African-American citizens from either voting or running for office. The Republicans eventually agreed to end the radical Reconstruction efforts, leaving the South in the hands of the former Confederacy; this was followed in 1877 by the withdrawal of federal troops, leaving African-Americans to defend their civil rights themselves. Southern blacks found themselves forced into the lives of tenant farmers, beginning a cycle of poverty. The failure of Reconstruction delayed the push for equal rights until the 20th century.Learn more about US History
Andersonville, Georgia, was a supply depot during the Civil War, and residents of the town worked at various depots and businesses. The town included a post office, a blacksmith shop and stable, general stores and saloons. It also had a school, a church and houses for residents. From 1864 until the end of the Civil War, the town supported Camp Sumter, a Confederate military prison.Full Answer >
Exodusters were black Americans, many former slaves, who left the South and migrated to western states after the Civil War in an effort to escape racism and economic oppression. Their aim was to set up independent communities as a sort of promised land. Most Exodusters settled in Kansas.Full Answer >
The four border states that did not secede and therefore remained loyal to the Union during the Civil War were Delaware, Kentucky, Maryland and Missouri. In addition, 50 Virginian counties chose to remain loyal to the Union despite Virginia's secession, and these counties eventually became the state of West Virginia.Full Answer >
The Union blockade of the Georgia coast during the U.S. Civil War revolved around preventing supplies from being delivered to the port of Savannah, according to New Georgia Encyclopedia. The city was the most significant port in Georgia, and the Union strategy centered on securing bases around outlying islands to deny access to private merchants and mercenary ships.Full Answer >