During the Civil War, the North had a larger population, greater access to the navy, more industrial power and better access to gunpowder. However, the South benefited from familiarity with their own terrain, being resourceful and having the ability to produce all the food they needed.Continue Reading
During the Civil War, the North had a population of 21 million, whereas the South was just 9 million. Despite this, the South managed to produce an army that was just as big as the North's. Alongside this, the North had better access to industrial power. It made 97 percent of firearms and had more railroads per square mile. In contrast, the South did not have its own rifle works. Another of the North's military advantages was that it had control over the navy, which meant it could block a lot of the South's gunpowder imports.
While the North had considerable military advantages, the South was familiar with its own terrain, which made it easier for them to deter northern invaders. In addition, they managed to produce multiple armories by the end of the war. The South's resourcefulness extended to being able to produce much of their own food, which meant they did not have to rely on the North's industrialization.Learn more about US History
The Confederacy lost the Civil War for a variety of reasons, chief among them a lack of resources and manpower. The North had more soldiers, more manufacturing and agricultural capacity, and the ability to blockade Southern ports. The institution of slavery also made it difficult to generate political support overseas.Full Answer >
During the U.S. Civil War, the government of the Confederacy eagerly sought recognition from European powers, chiefly France and Britain, by exerting diplomatic and economic pressure on them. At one point, the South ordered the burning of over 2.5 million bales of cotton in an effort to produce an artificial cotton shortage and motivate the British textile industry to seek peace on the basis of secession.Full Answer >
The primary draft law in the Union during the Civil War required all men between the ages of 20 and 45 to register, with quotas being drawn from every congressional district. Those chosen who did not wish to serve could hire a replacement or pay $300 for an exemption.Full Answer >
The Civil War began on April 12, 1861, when Confederate forces attacked the Union-controlled Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C. The war officially ended on April 9, 1865, when Confederate General Robert E. Lee surrendered to Union General Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Courthouse, Va.Full Answer >