Aaron Douglas was one of the most prominent artistic leaders of the Harlem Renaissance because of his distinctive artwork, which was inspired by traditional African art and depicted authentic African American experiences in a unique and compelling way. He was sometimes called "the father of black American art."
Although Douglas was born in Kansas and received his Bachelor of Fine Arts degree from the University of Nebraska, he moved to Harlem because of its thriving African American artistic culture. He arrived in 1925 and began selling his work to various magazines and newspapers, which then led to commissions for book cover art and other prominent pieces. He also created paintings and took an active role in curating and editing some art magazines. He is also famous for his murals, which decorated many Harlem nightclubs and streets. His works were often inspired by old spirituals, and they showed the struggle and oppression of daily life but are also famous for their sense of joy and hope.
Douglas's work was influential because it blended popular European and American artistic styles of the time with African themes. He was heavily influenced by Cubism and Art Deco, which were both thriving in the 1920s. However, his work was also distinctly African. He used geometric forms, Egyptian-style profiles and tribal elements in his artwork to create a distinctive style. He was also one of the first American artists to depict the daily life of Africans and African Americans, including scenes of tribal dancing, slavery and people dancing to or performing blues and jazz.