The era of the 1950s has been called "the fabulous '50s." The years were also part of the 1946-1964 time period known as the "postwar era" and "baby boom era." Defining themes of the 1950s include the rise of rock 'n' roll music, the increased move of families to the suburbs, the civil rights movement and the beginning of the cold war.Continue Reading
The 1950s were a time of increased economic prosperity, with more people having money to by cars, suburban homes and consumer goods. It was also a time of conflict, with increased tension between the United States and the Soviet Union after the end of World War II.
Approximately 4 million babies were born in the U.S. each year during the 1950s. These growing families moved to the outskirts of cities into developments of inexpensive tract houses. Due to the economic prosperity, women were encouraged to leave the workforce and focus on the home and motherhood.
Americans began to protest against inequality during the 1950s. In 1954, Brown v. Board of Education called for the desegregation of schools. A year later, Rosa Parks was arrested for refusing to give her seat to a white person, causing a 13-month boycott of buses in Montgomery.Learn more about Modern History
According to About.com, Reaganomics, an economic policy promoted by President Ronald Reagan during the 1980s, helped to curb inflation and end the current recession, bringing on an era of economic growth that extended beyond Reagan's presidency. However, it also tripled the United States national debt from $997 billion in 1981 to $2.857 trillion in 1989 and led to an overall increase in national poverty.Full Answer >
Alexander the Great's conquests led to a new era known as the Hellenistic Age, because the Greek culture was spread to the conquered lands. Without Alexander the Great to conquer those lands, the Greek culture may have remained within Greece.Full Answer >
Joseph McCarthy was known for his investigations of supposed communists in government departments during the Cold War era of the 1950s. As chairman of the Senate's Committee on Government Operations, he launched a media-fueled anti-communist crusade that became so virulent that unsubstantiated attacks on political opponents became known as McCarthyism.Full Answer >
According to Biography.com, Malcolm X is important because he was one of the most prominent and controversial black leaders during the civil rights era of the 1950s and 1960s, advocating black pride, a separate black community and violence as a means of self-defense. After his assassination in 1965, his book "The Autobiography of Malcolm X" became a bestseller and one of the most influential non-fiction books of modern times.Full Answer >