Ulysses S. Grant was the 18th President of the United States. He served as president from 1869 to 1877 and was influential in overseeing the Reconstruction of the American South following the Civil War.
Before serving as president, Grant's military victories in the Civil War led Abraham Lincoln to appoint him the commanding general of the Union armies. In this role, Grant was responsible for routing Robert E. Lee in a series of battles in 1864 and leading the Union to victory over the Confederacy. This popularity led to his election as president, where he attempted to protect African-American citizenship in the South. However, many contemporary historians criticize him for his economic mismanagement of the country and his failed annexation of the Dominican Republic, among other issues.