YAG laser surgery is the use of a yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser to perform a surgery. This technique is used to operate on many parts of the body. However, it is commonly practiced in eye surgeries, explains MedicineNet.com.
For one type of eye surgery, the YAG laser is used to punch a hole in the iris. This procedure takes place in patients who are diagnosed with acute angle-closure glaucoma. This type of glaucoma is characterized by an abrupt, sharp rise in pressure in the front eye chamber. Pressure buildup within the eye results from a sudden blockage of the eye fluid circulation, outlines MedicineNet.com. Since the complication of acute angle-closure glaucoma emanates from the buildup of excess pressure in the eye, it is relieved by getting rid of that pressure using the YAG laser procedure.
In addition, YAG laser surgery is also used in treatment of other disorders of the eye such as cataracts. YAG laser surgery can also be used in other parts of the body, including the removal of birthmarks from the skin, adds MedicineNet.com. Some physicians use this procedure laparoscopically in the treatment of endometriosis. YAG laser surgery generally is performed within an office setting instead of in the hospital.