Wrist pain is often caused by sprained ligaments, tendinitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, arthritis, dislocation or fracture, according to Healthline. Each of these conditions are aggravated when pressure is added to the wrist. Dislocation or fracture requires immediate medical attention to prevent permanent damage.
Inflammation of the tendon sheath in the wrist is what causes tendinitis, according to About.com. Carpal tunnel syndrome occurs when a nerve is pinched inside the wrist, causing pain and limited function. A sprain occurs when the ligaments in the wrist get damaged, which often happens from overuse, impact or a bending injury, per WebMD.
Arthritis occurs over time as inflammation develops in the wrist joint where the bones come together, states Healthline. It typically develops as someone ages, however it does occur rarely in children and teenagers. A dislocation is when the bones in the wrist joint separate from each other. A fracture in the wrist occurs when the bone actually cracks or breaks. An open fracture occurs when one of the broken bones pierces the skin.
When diagnosing a sprain or other wrist injury, a doctor may conduct an X-ray, MRI, arthrogram or arthroscopy, according to WebMD. Treatment varies, and includes rest, splints or braces, medication, physical therapy and surgery. A medical opinion is recommended any time there is extreme pain, joint deformity, loss of function, bruising or an accompanying fever, per About.com.