There are a number of reasons why stomach surgery may be performed, including surgery for treating acid disease, stomach cancer, gastroparesis or stomachdumping, according to Aria Health. Stomach surgery may also be performed as a gastric bypass to aid in weight loss and the treatment of obesity.
Stomach surgery to treat acid reflux disease and stomach ulcers is quite common. This usually occurs when the disease causes obstructions, perforations or bleeding in the gastrointestinal tract. Sometimes, the goal of surgery is to remove the nerve in the stomach that stimulates acid production. A sphincter release can also help the stomach to relax so that food can flow more freely from the stomach into the intestinal tract. A partial stomach removal may be necessary if it has been damaged by the acid.
Stomach surgery to remove cancer is a common standard of treatment in stomach cancer cases. This type of surgery may be a complete or partial removal of the stomach.
Gastroparesis may also be treated with stomach surgery. This procedure places tubes through the skin into the stomach to reduce dehydration and vomiting. A feeding tube may be inserted instead.
Surgery to correct stomach dumping, which involves the rapid movement of food from the stomach to the small intestine, is also common. Bariatric surgeries are sometimes called stomach surgeries. These include the gastric bypass, which is a common weight loss surgery that bypasses part of the intestinal process to cause weight loss.