A woman may need immediate removal of an ovarian dermoid cyst if it causes an ovarian torsion, says Womens Health Advice. A dermoid cyst that grows very large may move the ovary out of position and cause it to twist.Continue Reading
Some surgeons recommend that dermoid cysts be removed even if they are asymptomatic, claims Womens Health Advice. This is because they can still grow, lead to torsions and cause problems in conceiving. They sometimes cause nausea and vomiting, pain in the abdomen, thighs and lower back, and abnormal bleeding from the vagina. If a dermoid cyst puts pressure on the bladder, the woman can have trouble urinating. She can also suffer from severe abdominal bloating.
There are several ways to remove a dermoid cyst, according to Womens Health Advice. The doctor can remove the cyst laparoscopically. Medical experts consider this ideal because it doesn't affect the woman's fertility, requires only tiny incisions in the abdomen and has a quick recovery period. Another surgery is the oophorectomy, where the surgeon removes one or both ovaries. This surgery is recommended when the cysts are very large or malignant.
Another surgery option is a vaginal hysterectomy assisted by a laparoscope, states Womens Health Advice. This is done for women who have completed their childbearing and have a history of other gynecological complaints.Learn more about Women's Health