Cough and throat medication is not a treatment recommended by Healthline to treat an inflamed tongue. Although an inflamed tongue can be caused by multiple conditions, doctors often initially recommend ibuprofen to reduce swelling. Sometimes prescription anti-inflammatory drugs must be used to reduce pain and swelling.
Treatment of a swollen and painful tongue requires reduction of the inflammation before treating the underlying condition, reports Healthline. Over-the-counter medication is typically used to reduce swelling, but in extreme cases, prescription medications may be recommended. Depending on the underlying condition, antibiotics, antifungals, or antimicrobials may be applied to the tongue. Dietary changes may be recommended, and a vitamin B12 or iron supplement can be required to treat the condition.
Certain lifestyle changes, such as quitting smoking and drinking, can aid in the healing of an inflamed tongue, explains Helathline. Practicing good oral hygiene can have significant effects as well. Individuals suffering from a swollen tongue should brush and floss at least once daily.
Yeast infections such as thrush can be a cause of an inflamed tongue, adds Healthline. Low levels of vitamin B12 are also linked to tongue inflammation. Skin diseases such as syphilis and oral lichen planus may cause tongue inflammation, but allergic reactions to medications or oral hygiene products are common causes as well. Sjogren syndrome is a condition which destroys salivary glands, resulting in a dry and cracked tongue.