Although bacterial vaginosis usually responds well to antibiotics, WebMD reveals that symptoms reoccur in one in three women with no concrete explanation as to why. Recurring bacterial vaginosis is linked to pelvic inflammatory disease because it makes the reproductive tract more vulnerable to inflammation or infection. Female partners should be tested to prevent the bacterial vaginosis infection from being passed between partners.
Treatment is not immediately necessary for bacterial vaginosis; both WebMD and the Family Planning Association agree that the infection often fixes itself and that not all women display symptoms. However, it can lead to infertility and cause complications with a current pregnancy.
Bacterial vaginosis occurs due to a change in the pH of a vagina that leads to an overgrowth of bacteria, according to the FPA. Medicated or perfumed shower and bath gels, douching and strong detergent increase risk for contracting bacterial vaginosis. The FPA also cautions that it is more likely to occur in sexually active women who have recently switched partners, regardless of gender. Treatment usually takes the form of pills, creams or gels. Pregnancy influences the kind of treatment recommended. Male partners are not at risk for transmission or infection, but unprotected sex can lead to bacterial vaginosis.