Treatment for a torn muscle, including a torn calf muscle, begins with home treatment using protection, rest, ice, compression and elevation, or PRICE, according to WebMD. If home treatment fails to bring relief within 24 hours or there is a significant injury, the patient should seek medical care. Patients who experience a popping noise with the injury, have a fever, suffer significant swelling or cannot walk should go to the emergency room.
The PRICE formula includes protecting the injured area to prevent further injuries, resting the limb, applying ice for pain and using compression and elevation for the prevention of swelling, reports WebMD. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also help reduce swelling and pain. Once the swelling decreases, the use of heat is appropriate.
As the injury begins to heal, a medical provider may recommend physical therapy, which increases the range of motion, according to Drugs.com. More severe injuries, which doctors sometimes refer to as grade 2 strains, often require consulting an orthopedic doctor. Some grade 2 strains require a cast to heal correctly. Grade 3 injuries include a complete tear of the muscle that sometimes requires surgical repair.
While grade 1 strains heal in a few weeks, grade 2 strains require a month or longer to heal, reports Drugs.com. Grade 3 injuries normally heal within a few months after surgical intervention.