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What are some ways to treat piles?

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Quick Answer

Treatments for mild cases of piles, or hemorrhoids, include medications such as suppositories, ointments, creams or pads, Mayo Clinic says. For moderate cases, minimally invasive procedures such as injections, coagulation or rubber band ligation can help. If piles are especially large, return repeatedly or are resistant to treatment, surgery to remove them or cut off their blood supply is available.

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Full Answer

Piles are inflamed and swollen veins in the anus and lower rectum, Mayo Clinic explains. They can cause itching and pain in the anal region, but in minor cases medications can relieve these symptoms. Injections into the piles can cause them to shrink, while coagulation techniques cause the piles to harden and shrivel. Rubber band ligation uses rubber bands to constrict blood flow to the piles and causes them to die and fall off.

Symptoms of piles can include swelling around the anus, anal leakage, painless bleeding during bowel movements and lumps near the anus, Mayo Clinic says. Piles can be internal, contained within the rectum, or external. External piles form under the skin around the anus. Normally, internal piles cause no symptoms. Strain from bowel movements, however, can force internal piles out of the anus, a condition known as prolapse, and this tends to cause irritation.

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