Common ways to treat laryngitis involve a combination of taking medications and applying home remedies. Lifestyle changes, such as avoiding vocal overuse or quitting smoking, may also reduce the likelihood and even prevent the onset of the disease. Persistent laryngitis may require further treatment in the form of speech training, states WebMD.
Laryngitis pertains to the inflammatory response of the voice box due to bacterial and viral infections, allergic reactions, bronchitis, pneumonia, injuries, chemicals and gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD, explains the United States National Institutes of Health. It is typically characterized by hoarseness or the temporary inability to talk. Treatment for laryngitis usually depends on the underlying cause.
Bacterial infections that result in laryngitis can be treated with antibiotics under the guidance of a doctor. Laryngitis that is viral in nature mainly requires self-care therapy, which involves increasing fluid intake, inhaling humidified air or taking over-the-counter drugs such as acetaminophen or ibuprofen to ease pain in the affected area.
Patients diagnosed with severe swelling of the larynx accompanied by difficulty in swallowing may be prescribed with steroids, such as prednisone, dexamethasone and prednisolone. This particular treatment program is generally recommended for singers and actors, notes MedicineNet. Croup, which is a form of laryngitis that primarily occurs in children and may sometimes prove fatal, can be treated with prescription medications, such as dexamethasone and intramuscular injections.