Treatments for hematomas, which are trauma-induced collections of blood outside of a blood vessel, vary depending on their severity and location, explains MedicineNet. Hematomas of the skin and tissue are often treated with rest, ice, compression and elevation, whereas hematomas involving the brain or organs require tailored treatments.
A hematoma is often distinguished by its location. Epidural, subdural and intracerebral hematomas involve the brain and are the most dangerous kinds of hematomas. These types of hematomas typically follow head trauma. If victims experience severe headaches, vomiting and difficulty focusing, they should immediately seek medical attention, as they may require neurosurgical treatments, states MedicineNet.
Intramuscular hematomas can be very painful, and if too much bleeding occurs, the pressure can increase to the point of causing permanent nerve damage, according to MedicineNet. This condition, known as compartment syndrome, is commonly seen in the lower leg and forearm and often requires emergency surgery.
Other superficial hematomas may occur on the scalp, ear, septum, fingers, toes or anywhere else on the body, as MedicineNet notes. Fractured bones always involve hematomas at the fracture site, especially fractures of the thigh and upper arm. Common symptoms of minor hematomas generally include some combination of discoloration, irritation, pain, redness and swelling.