Exercise, physical therapy, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications and surgery may help alleviate pain associated with Herbeden's nodes and restore joint flexibility, but they cannot completely treat the condition, explains Healthline. Treatment depends upon ongoing medications and medical history.
Exercise is the best treatment for Herberden's nodes, according to Healthline. Physical activity restores joint function, relieves pain and keeps a person active, reducing the depression associated with the disorder. Someone who suffers from osteoarthritis and related conditions should consult his doctor before exercising. Physical therapy may help a person relearn normal tasks.
Changing diet and losing weight may aid in counteracting the problem, explains Healthline. Aspirin and ibuprofen may alleviate pain and inflammation; however, the drugs may cause bleeding in the intestines, renal impairment and heart failure. Although expensive, COX-2 inhibitors may reverse the condition without causing serious side effects. Corticosteroid injections and over-the-counter creams and gels may treat the problem as well.
Surgery may be necessary if other treatments fail to counter the problem, according to Healthline. Surgical removal of the nodes involves removing extra growths, reconstructing joints and fusing joints together so that the affected joints cannot bend. Medical examination is necessary before treatment. Imaging tests may help diagnose the condition.