Several ways to treat achalasia are balloon dilation, surgery and botox, according to Mayo Clinic. The treatment selected depends on the patient's age and the severity of the condition.
The purpose of achalasia treatment is to relax or force open the valve between the patient's esophagus and stomach to ensure that food and liquid can travel easily through the digestive tract, as stated by Mayo Clinic. The balloon treatment is performed by inserting a balloon into the esophageal sphincter and inflating it to enlarge the opening. Surgical treatment involves cutting the muscle located at the lower end of the esophageal sphincter. Botox is only used as treatment for older adults who are not good candidates for surgery.