Hormone therapy, medications, layered clothing, and lifestyle and diet changes all can help to stop hot flashes during menopause, according to WebMD. Although estrogen may increase the risk of other health problems, it is a very effective treatment for hot flashes. Alternatively, a doctor may prescribe anti-seizure drugs or antidepressants, which may provide relief for women who are not able or willing to take hormones.
It may be possible to keep mild hot flashes at bay by making lifestyle changes, notes WebMD. Alcohol, spicy foods, smoking and caffeinated beverages may trigger hot flashes. Women may try to recognize what causes the hot flashes and avoid those triggers. Doing activities that promote relaxation such as meditation or yoga may help to stop hot flashes. Losing weight is another effective way to stop hot flashes.
Taking steps to keep cool can reduce or prevent mild hot flashes, states WebMD, as can wearing layered clothing so that pieces can be removed when necessary. Drinking a cold beverage or turning on the air conditioning are other ways to bring down the body's core temperature during hot flash moments.
The majority of women stop experiencing hot flashes within a few years, according to WebMD. If the hot flashes don't cause problems, they may not require treatment.