Ways for individuals to stop hiccups include drinking water, holding their breath, tasting vinegar or breathing into a paper bag, claims NHS Choices. Treatment for intractable or persistent hiccups include medication, acupuncture and hypnosis, according to WebMD.
In a lot of cases, hiccups stop on their own without any intervention, explains Medical News Today. If the hiccups do not stop, the individual can gargle ice water. He can also bite on a lemon or swallow granulated sugar.
Other ways to stop hiccups work by increasing the level of carbon dioxide in the blood, states WebMD. The patient may hold his breath and count slowly to 10. While gulping water, rhythmic contractions of the esophagus override the spasms of the diaphragm. The individual may also try drinking from a straw while blocking his ears, as this stimulates the vagus nerve, advises Best Health. A person may also stop hiccups by pulling his knees up to his chest or leaning forward to compress his chest, according to NHS Choices.
If an underlying condition such as gastroesophageal reflux disease is the cause of the hiccups, treating it stops the hiccups, explains NHS Choices. If home remedies do not stop the hiccups, a doctor may prescribe certain medications including chlorpromazine, haloperidol, baclofen, metoclopramide and gabapentin.