Some ways to get relief from a bloated stomach include drinking plenty of water, reducing sodium intake and avoiding triggering foods. Diuretics, either over-the-counter or prescription, can also relieve bloating, according to WebMD.
Bloating is often due to excessive eating and sodium, so those who are prone to bloating should reduce their food and salt intake, notes WebMD. Those who suffer from bloating should also avoid certain foods, including beans, dairy, and vegetables such as broccoli, cabbage and prunes. In addition, it is thought that artificial sweeteners are difficult for many people to digest and cause bloating.
Excess air also can cause bloating. Sufferers should avoid drinking through a straw, eating too fast, chewing gum and sucking on hard candy, as these behaviors increase the amount of air swallowed, advises WebMD.
Diuretics, or water pills, are a short-term option if nothing else works, says Mayo Clinic. Diuretic pills increase water through the kidneys and thus increase urination. Side effects of diuretics are typically mild but may include hyponatremia, dizziness and increased thirst.
Bloating is common and rarely serious; however, those routinely suffering from bloating after lifestyle changes should contact their doctor to rule out other possibilities, such as allergies or disease, advises WebMD.