What Are Some Ways to Reduce Gout Swelling?


Quick Answer

Ways to reduce gout swelling include taking anti-inflammatory medication, icing and elevating the affected area, increasing fluid intake and practicing relaxation techniques, as stated by Arthritis Foundation. Gout results from excessive uric acid in the blood, explains Mayo Clinic.

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Gout commonly attacks the foot, especially the big toe. Home remedies for gout include raising the foot above the heart level, icing the area for at least 20 minutes and resting the foot. Gout medications include nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen, and prescription drugs such as colchicine and corticosteroids. A doctor can perform surgery to repair damaged joints by removing uric acid crystals, fusing joints together or installing an artificial joint, as reported by Healthgrades. Alternative treatments to reduce uric acid levels include drinking coffee and taking vitamin C supplements, advises Mayo Clinic.

The body breaks down purines, which occur naturally in the body and are found in seafood and meats, to form uric acid. Uric acid then dissolves in blood and passes into the urine through the kidney. Production of excess or too little uric acid can lead to uric acid build up in joints or surrounding tissue, causing pain, inflammation and swelling, notes Mayo Clinic

Factors that increase the risk of gout include obesity, medical conditions such as diabetes, medications such as thiazide diuretics, and diets that are high in seafood, meat and alcohol. People with gout history in their family are more likely to develop gout. Men also face a higher risk than women, claims Mayo Clinic.

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