Individuals with or without atherosclerosis can reduce the likelihood of requiring an angioplasty by engaging in a physically active and healthy lifestyle, according to TheVisualMD. A healthy lifestyle includes maintaining a healthy weight, refraining from cigarette smoking, exercising regularly, managing illnesses such as diabetes, and monitoring stress levels. Doctors may also prescribe medication to prevent the need for an angioplasty.
Atherosclerosis is the hardening and narrowing of coronary arteries that results from damage to the endothelial lining of blood vessels, states WebMD. An angioplasty is a surgery to mend or unblock blood vessels and is sometimes used to treat atherosclerosis once it has developed. Atherosclerosis tends to develop slowly over a prolonged period of unhealthy behavior. One of the leading causes of atherosclerosis is high cholesterol resulting in part from a diet high in fats. It is recommended that people who are concerned with the health of their heart avoid saturated and trans fats and consume plenty of fibrous foods such as fruits and vegetables, according to TheVisualMD.
To prevent damage to the heart and the subsequent need for an angioplasty, doctors may prescribe medications that lower blood pressure, manage cholesterol, thin the blood or prevent blood clot formation, according to TheVisualMD.