Typically, treating a subconjunctival hemorrhage in the eye is not necessary as the hemorrhage eventually heals on its own, Healthline advises. If the root cause is a condition such as a bleeding disorder or high blood pressure, that condition should be treated.
Subconjunctival hemorrhage refers to bleeding in the conjunctiva, the thin covering of the eye, or the space between the conjunctiva and the sclera, which is the white of the eye, states Healthline. The condition is not dangerous, although the reddish color of the eye may make it look serious. The blood is contained in the space covering the white of the eye, and it does not spread to the cornea. Since full eyesight depends on the cornea being uncovered, the hemorrhage does not affect vision. The condition typically fades without intervention within several weeks.
The causes of subconjunctival hemorrhage are not fully understood in many cases, but hemorrhaging may occur due to a variety of reasons, Healthline explains. These reasons include infections of the eye, a surgical procedure, vitamin C deficiency, bleeding disorders, infections accompanied by a fever, and high blood pressure. A subconjunctival hemorrhage may also develop as a side effect of some drugs, such as steroids, warfarin and aspirin.