The best treatment for a burn depends on the severity of the damage to the skin, according to Healthline. Patients can treat minor burns by soaking the burnt body parts in cool water for about five minutes and applying aloe vera gel or an antibiotic ointment. Patients with burn wounds across large areas, or with serious burns that extend through several layers of skin, should seek immediate professional medical help and not attempt to self-treat the burn.
A patient suffering from a thermal burn due to hot liquid can run cool water over the wound for 10 to 20 minutes, according to WebMD. Treat a mild cold-temperature burn by blowing warm air on the affected area, running warm water over the burn or tucking the affected area inside clothing.
Foods such as chili pepper have substances that irritate the skin and result in a burning sensation. Patients can treat a chili pepper burn by washing the area with soap and water before placing a substantial amount of vegetable oil on the burn for at least one hour, WebMD notes.
A clean, damp towel helps to soothe the pain from a minor burn, reports Mayo Clinic. Some burns cause the skin to swell, so patients immediately should remove tight objects such as rings from affected areas. Patients can also take over-the-counter pain relief medication such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen or naproxen.