Q:

What is the way to cure gum disease?

A:

Quick Answer

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, can be cured via surgical or non-surgical methods, according to the Mayo Clinic. The National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research states brushing teeth twice a day, flossing on a regular basis, routine dental visits and not smoking are ways to keep the mouth healthy and prevent gum disease.

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Full Answer

According to the National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Health, some of the symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Lingering bad breath
  • Red, swollen, tender or bleeding gums
  • Painful chewing
  • Loose or sensitive teeth
  • Receding gums
If a dentist has confirmed a person has periodontal disease, there are a few options that are available.

Option1: Non-surgical treatment

For gum disease that is not advanced, non-surgical treatments may be enough to cure the disease. These treatments include:

  • Scaling - removes tartar and bacteria from the surfaces of the tooth as well as below the gum line.
  • Root Planing - discourages the build up of tartar by smoothing the surfaces of the root.
  • Antibiotics - topical or oral antibiotics can help control the infection.

Option 2: Surgical treatment

If the non-surgical treatments are not successful, the dentist may recommend the surgical route. These treatments include:

  • Flap surgery - tiny incisions are made in the gum, exposing the root. This allows for a deeper cleaning of the root's surface.
  • Soft tissue or bone grafting - when gum tissue or bone is lost, new tissue or bone is grafted to the area.
  • Guided tissue regeneration - a special piece of fabric is used to help healthy bone regenerate.

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