The primary vitamin involved in bone growth is vitamin D, according to the National Institutes of Health. Vitamin D increases the absorption of calcium and boosts bone growth. Additionally, vitamin K2 is necessary for the complete, effective usage of calcium in the body, details Better Bones.
To maximize bone growth and help to prevent osteoporosis as an older adult, it is important for individuals to take in as much vitamin D and other key nutrients as possible when they are young, states Health.com. Even as people age, though, these nutrients are essential in preventing fractures caused by osteoporosis.
Many foods contain vitamins D and K2 as well as calcium, Health specifies, and by ingesting items such as leafy greens and dairy products, individuals achieve the maximum nutritional benefit for their bones.