Vitamin B refers to eight different types of B vitamins, according to MedlinePlus. The B vitamins are thiamine (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacin (vitamin B3), pantothenic acid (vitamin B5) and vitamin B6, along with biotin (vitamin B7), folic acid (vitamin B9) and vitamin B12.Continue Reading
B vitamins support bodily processes and functions. For example, B vitamins aid the body in making energy from food, and they also help in the production of red blood cells, according to MedlinePlus. B vitamins improve metabolism and reduce the risk of stroke, states Everyday Health.
More specifically, riboflavin aids the body in breaking down nutrients in foods, and it also provides energy, states Everyday Health. In addition, riboflavin is beneficial for blood cells and the skin. Niacin is another B vitamin that helps the body break down food into energy. It can also help control high cholesterol levels.
Vitamin B5 aids in hormone production, and it aids in breaking down carbohydrates and lipids in the body, according to Everyday Health. Vitamin B6 metabolizes amino acids and helps form new blood cells.
Vitamin B12 keeps nerve cells healthy, explains Everyday Health. In addition, vitamin B12 and folic acid aid in the production of red blood cells, states the University of Maryland Medical Center. These two B vitamins also help iron work better in the body and produce the compound S-adenosylmethionine, which aids immune system function.Learn more about Vitamins & Supplements