The symptoms of viral thyroiditis clear up on their own within a year and a half, but hyperthyroidism can become permanent, states Healthline. Medically known as subacute thyroiditis, viral thyroiditis is an inflammation of the thyroid gland that occurs after an upper respiratory infection.
The focus of treatment is usually to lessen pain and manage hyperthyroidism if a patient experiences it, says MedlinePlus. Doctors prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen or aspirin, to control pain in mild cases. Severe cases require temporary treatment using steroids, such as prednisone, to reduce inflammation. Patients use beta-blockers to treat the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Treatment for underactive thyroid is only important during the initial stage of the condition, says Healthline.