A vestibular migraine is a type of migraine in which the predominant feature is dizziness or a rocking sensation, according to Scientific American. Vestibular symptoms that may occur in conjunction with a migraine are vertigo, imbalance and dizziness. Additional vestibular symptoms include unsteadiness and sensitivity to motion. It is possible for symptoms of a vestibular migraine, such as inner ear balance problems, to appear without a headache, notes Johns Hopkins Medicine.
Migraines are one of the most common neurological conditions, states Johns Hopkins Medicine. Classic symptoms of a migraine, in addition to headache, are nausea, vomiting and sensitivity to light. Hearing symptoms include difficulty hearing, a feeling of fullness in the ear and ringing of the ear. The cause of migraines most likely relates to abnormal cell discharges and blood vessel wall constrictions in and around the brain. Some factors that may aggravate a migraine are diet, chocolate and red wine, as well as caffeinated drinks, certain cheeses and low blood sugar.
Women are more likely to suffer from migraines, and the disorder often runs in families, explains Johns Hopkins Medicine. Some people might have headaches simultaneously with their vestibular symptoms, while most people who suffer from vestibular migraines have the headache and vestibular symptoms at different times.