Vestibular dysfunction, otherwise known as a vestibular disorder, can be any of a number of different vestibular problems. Some of the more well known vestibular disorders are problems such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, Ménière's disease, ototoxicity and superior canal dehiscence, according to the Vestibular Disorders Association.
Migraine-associated vertigo and some autoimmune disorders, as well as allergies, may also be associated with vestibular disorders. These disorders can result from environmental or genetic reasons, or seemingly no reason at all. Evaluations by both direct examination and laboratory test can help distinguish peripheral and central vestibular symptom disorders, according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association.