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How is vertigo treated?

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Individuals with vertigo are treated based on the cause of the condition that prompts problems with balance and inner ear changes, explains WebMD. The most common treatment involves vestibular rehabilitation, which involves physical therapy to strengthen the function of the vestibular system and enable improvement in brain signals that control gravity and body movements.

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Additional treatments for vertigo include medication to relieve symptoms, such as motion sickness or nausea, and antibiotics or steroids to help reduce inflammation or the occurrence of an infection, according to WebMD. Canalith repositioning maneuvers may provide relief for some patients. These maneuvers encourage movement of calcium deposits out of the ear canal and into an inner ear chamber where they are absorbed into the body. In extreme cases, surgery may be suggested for vertigo treatment, especially if an injury to the neck or brain or a tumor is causing worsening symptoms.

Many physicians begin treatment for vertigo with rehabilitation exercises that help train the brain to use cues to maintain balance, explains American Family Physician. Vestibular rehabilitation exercises help improve posture and movements that provoke dizziness and ease symptoms that cause stress and distress to the mind and body. Rehabilitation exercises are especially recommended for patients with vertigo episodes that last longer than one day and severely disrupt normal activities.

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