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What are ventricle brain disorders?

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Ventricle brain disorders are anomalies that affect the brain’s cavities. Certain disorders may result from the over-accumulation of the fluid around the brain. The disorders may be genetic or developmental, says the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Complications such as meningitis and tumors, which result from premature birth, increase the risk of ventricle brain disorders. Examples of ventricle brain disorders include normal pressure hydrocephalus and slit ventricle syndrome.

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The cerebrospinal fluid that surrounds the brain cushions it against injury, serves as a conduit for nutrients and compensates for changes in the volume of blood. When the body fails to balance the production, flow and absorption fluid, it accumulates in the brain’s cavities, called ventricles, and causes brain disorders, states WebMD.

Slit ventricle syndrome occurs in patients who undergo procedures to drain excess fluid in the brain. Symptoms of the syndrome include increased brain pressure and less than optimal levels of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles, says the University of California, Los Angeles.

Normal pressure hydrocephalus occurs due to the retention of excess cerebrospinal fluid in one of the brain’s ventricles, notes the Alzheimer’s Association. The fluid enlarges the ventricles, impairing the functioning of brain tissues. Symptoms include difficulty walking, reduced mental faculties, personality changes and loss of bladder control.

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