Treatment for venous insufficiency includes elevating the legs, wearing compression stockings, keeping legs uncrossed when sitting and exercising to relieve pressure in the veins of the legs; sclerotherapy, in which the veins are blocked by injecting a chemical that scars the veins; and surgery, according to Johns Hopkins. Treatment depends on such factors as age, extent of the disease, symptoms, tolerance for the treatment and personal preference.
Surgery to treat venous insufficiency could include tying off the affected veins so that blood no longer flows through them, repairing either the veins or the veins' valves, inserting a catheter, and transplanting healthy veins from another part of the body, as explained by Johns Hopkins. The National Institutes of Health adds that removing the affected veins through a small incision, or a microphlebectomy; ablation, in which the vein is destroyed with heat; and angioplasty, in which a small balloon is inflated in a blocked vein to widen it, are also surgical options. In addition, Johns Hopkins notes that medications that improve blood flow, aspirin and compression may be used to treat ulcers associated with venous insufficiency. WebMD states that bilberry, butcher's broom, gotu kola, grape, horse chestnut and mesoglycan supplements may be effective in treating the condition.