The best vegetables for type 1 diabetics, according to the American Diabetes Association, are broccoli, carrots, cabbage, celery, eggplant, mushrooms, peppers, sprouts, salad greens, cucumber and rutabaga. Other recommended vegetables include onions, squash, leeks, cauliflower, beets, chayote, baby corn, asparagus, amaranth and artichoke.
Vegetables are some of the best foods for a person suffering from type 1 diabetics, because they are rich in minerals, vitamins and fiber, the ADA notes. At the same time, they are low in carbohydrates and calories. In this regard, the non-starchy vegetables are better than starchy foods. Examples of starchy vegetables include corn, peas and potatoes. The best food choices for the management of type 1 diabetes are fresh, canned and frozen vegetables, as well as and fat-free and sugar-free vegetable juices. Canned vegetables should be low in sodium and salt.
In addition to vegetables, patients suffering from type 1 diabetes are advised to eat whole grain foods such as whole-wheat flour, brown rice, whole bread and whole-grain cereals, according to WebMD. In addition, baked white potatoes, baked sweet potatoes, baked steak fries and corn are good sources of healthy starch. Patients with type 1 diabetes must avoid white bread, processed grains, French fries, red meat, fatty fish, sweetened drinks and alcohol.