Some vaccinations required for children include the varicella virus vaccine, polio vaccine, rotavirus vaccine and meningococcal vaccine. Vaccinations play a major role in reduction and elimination of deadly childhood infections, notes the United States Food and Drug Administration.
Vaccines are made up of weakened viruses or parts of these viruses. This allows the body to build up a strong defense against such viruses in the event of an actual infection, notes MedicineNet. Different vaccinations are given to children during various stages of life.
The hepatitis B vaccine is given to prevent infections caused by the hepatitis virus. This virus may cause various complications including liver inflammation, liver cancer and death. The vaccine can be given to individuals of all ages.
Influenza vaccine is given to protect individuals from the influenza virus. Influenza often affects the respiratory system of human beings. Young children, the elderly and individuals with other conditions are at a greater risk of influenza infection.
Measles vaccine helps the body to build up a defense against measles, which is a respiratory condition often characterized by development of rashes all over the body. Other symptoms of this condition include coughing, high body temperatures and a running nose.
Other vaccines required by children include the pneumococcal 13-valent vaccine, diphtheria, tetanus and acellular pertussis vaccine.